Shoulder arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to diagnose and treat various shoulder joint conditions. During the procedure, a small camera called an arthroscope is inserted into the shoulder joint through small incisions. This camera allows the surgeon to view the inside of the shoulder and diagnose any issues without the need for a large, open incision.
Shoulder arthroscopy can be used for a variety of conditions, including:
- Rotator cuff tears: Tears in the tendons that connect the muscles of the rotator cuff to the shoulder bones.
- Labral tears: Tears in the labrum, which is the cartilage that surrounds the socket of the shoulder joint.
- Shoulder impingement: A condition where the rotator cuff tendons become pinched between the bones of the shoulder.
- Shoulder instability: A condition where the shoulder joint is loose, leading to frequent dislocations.
- Biceps tendon disorders: Inflammation or tears in the tendon that attaches the biceps muscle to the shoulder.
The advantages of shoulder arthroscopy over traditional open surgery include smaller incisions, less pain, faster recovery, and reduced risk of complications. Additionally, shoulder arthroscopy allows for a more detailed and accurate examination of the joint.
However, not all shoulder conditions can be treated with arthroscopy, and in some cases, open surgery may be required for more complex or severe issues. It’s essential to consult with an orthopedic surgeon to determine the best treatment approach based on your specific shoulder condition and individual health factors.